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Prostate Cancer Stages



Prostate Cancer Stages
Prostate cancer is a disease predominantly countered by men, where the cells in the prostate gland grows and reproduces at an abnormal rate. There are specific stages that the prostate cancer develops through. This article discusses in detail the prostate cancer stages.Prostate cancer is a disease of the prostate gland, marked by the cells in the prostate gland growing and developing at an abnormal rate. The prostate gland grows at a pace that deviates from normalcy. When left untreated the defective cells may spread to other organs of the body and may cause havoc in the system. The risk factors are related to age. All men counter prostate cancer, however age is the main factor for developing this disease. The treatment for prostate cancer may pose to have certain side effects such as impotency and Erectile Dysfunction. However, when the disease is detected in the early stages, controlling and eradicating this disease is possible.

Causes of Prostate Cancer

There is no proof or evidence, nor a reason that can state the definite causes of prostate cancer. There have been no reasons that have been found in order to understand why one man develops the disease and why the other does not. However there have been certain risk factors that point towards causing prostate cancer.
Age is the main factor for prostate cancer. It has been found that men who are older than 65 are at a greater risk of developing this type of cancer.
Family history is another factor for developing prostate cancer. A man is at a greater risk of developing this disease if his father has developed the same earlier on.
Men with higher prostatic interaepithelial neoplasia may be at an increased phase of countering this type of cancer. When seen under a microscope the prostate gland looks abnormal.
Common Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Not being able to urinate
Having a hard time starting or stopping the urine flow
Needing to urinate often, especially at night
Weak flow of urine
Pain or burning during urination
Difficulty having an erection
A Painful ejaculation
Blood in the urine or semen
Diagnosing Prostate Cancer

An important step in diagnosing the prostate cancer is through grading the cancer cells. This means to understand the speed with which the prostate gland is growing and how far the tumor is likely to grow and spread. Grading is done when the cells are borrowed from the biopsy test that was conducted to procure results of the prostate gland inflammation. This grading system is called the Gleason score. This scoring test assigns the disease a score that ranges from 2 to 10. When the grade is lower the slower the cancer develops and is developing. However when the grade is higher the prostate cancer is increasing at a faster and accelerated speed. Tumors that have a high grade are likely to continue growing faster and also has the potential to spread to other parts of the body.
Grade 4 or lower - the cells are similar to normal and they look less aggressive.
Grade 5 to 7 - intermediate stage where the cells are not similar to normal cells and the cells are supposed to be more powerful and aggressive.
Grade 8 to 10 - cells are extremely aggressive where growth is concerned.

Stages of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer stages are segregated into 4 stages with an added fifth stage called the recurrent stage. As we move ahead through the article we would know the stages one after the other.

Stage I
The tumor cells that are found in the prostate gland are very few. Moreover, the cells are not very aggressive and are not in the position to pose potential danger.

Stage II
The tumor cells that are found in the prostate gland have not increased however the disease has become more aggressive in nature with th tumor getting larger. The tumor has not begun to spread and is still confined to the prostate gland.

Stage III
The tumor has reached the capsule that encloses the prostate gland and may also spread onto the seminal vesicles

Stage IV
In stage 4 prostate cancer, the tumor has spread to other organs other than the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles.

Recurrent
This is a sign that the cancer once treated has come back. If the cancer does not return it can be said that the person is cured.

Treatment for Prostate Cancer

The treatment option may include:
Radiation Therapy
Chemotherapy
Surgery
Hormone Therapy
Waiting and watching the growth of the gland and taking the decision accordingly.
This was all about the prostate cancer stages, causes, symptoms and treatment. If you are uncomfortable about the way you feel, it is always advisable to consult your doctor for examination.