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Prostate Cancer Prognosis



Prostate Cancer Prognosis
Some quick, and to-the-point, info has been provided in this article on prostate cancer prognosis. It also gives you some basic facts about the different stages of this disease.The prostate gland is a vital part of the male reproductive system. This walnut-shaped gland produces a seminal fluid that forms a part of the ejaculated sperm. This fluid acts as a protective medium for the sperm, when it is ejaculated in the vaginal tract, to make its way towards fertilization. It also adds to the motility of the sperm. And among the different ailments that may affect this very gland, is prostate cancer. This ailment accounts for one of the most common types of cancers in men. As long as the cancer stays confined to the prostate, it does not cause any harm. In some people, it grows gradually, while in some, it has an aggressive nature of spreading to other parts. It should be known that, the earlier this disease gets detect and treated, the better the patient has chances of recovering successfully. Get the basic facts about prostate cancer prognosis from the below description.

Prostate Cancer Prognosis by Stage

The term prognosis refers to a prediction, done by doctors, about how would the course or outcome of a disease be. As it is a mere prediction, it is always suggested by medical experts that patients must not deem the prognosis to become true. A part of the prediction is based on how other people have responded to it. Also, the subject of prostate cancer prognosis is related to the stage it is in. That is why the below data helps you understand the prognosis according to the different stages.

Prognosis for Stage I and II
Stage I is the infant stage of the disease. Here, the disease is confined to a microscopic area. And when it progresses to stage II, the cancer can be detected but it is still confined in the gland itself. So, for these two stages, the prostate cancer prognosis is considered to be the brightest. This is due to the fact, in these two stages, the cancer is usually characterized by smaller, slow-growing, well-differentiated tumors. And to give you the good news, about three quarters (75%) of newly diagnosed cases of prostate cancer remain in these two stages. And in these stages, some cases have shown a cure rate that could be as high as 98%.

Prognosis for Stage III and IV
When the cancer is in stage III, it has been able to leave the confinement of the prostate gland, and spread to the seminal vesicles and nearby structures. And when it proceeds to stage IV, it metastasizes. Meaning, it starts spreading to the lymph nodes, bones, lungs, and other organs of the body. So, as it is expected to be, stage III prostate cancer prognosis becomes dimmer, and even worse in stage IV. However, some patients may live longer than expected compared to others.

Speaking of prostate cancer prognosis after surgery, meaning a cancer recurrence post treatment, it is curable if it is localized. But in most cases, it may be found to have already spread. Treatment like hormone therapy helps in prolonging survival for years.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Treatment

As seen in most cases, only when the cancer reaches an advanced stage, it exhibits signs and symptoms. Even here, an advanced prostate cancer stage exhibits certain signs and symptoms like:
Presence of blood in urine
Trouble starting or stopping urination
The urine stream would be weaker than before
The semen may contain some blood
Legs may swell
Discomfort in the pelvic area
Bone pain
Increased urination
Ejaculation may be painful
As far as treatment is concerned, in cases, wherein the cancer is in its early stage, the patient might not require any. He may be advised to wait and observe. But in the meantime, regular blood tests and other exams would be conducted. If at any point, the tests reveal any progress of the cancer, then the patient may initiate the treatment. It may include radiation therapy (using high-powered energy to kill cancer cells), hormone therapy (to prevent the production of male hormone, testosterone), and surgical procedures (for removing the prostate gland). Other options include cryosurgery (for freezing tissues to kill cancer cells), ultrasound (killing cancer cells using heat), and chemotherapy (uses drugs to do the same).

Prostate cancer prognosis, as I have mentioned, is a mere prediction done by a doctor. It must not be taken as a certainty. It is essential to understand that the prognosis may change if the cancer takes an unexpected turn, or the treatment proves successful. So, it can be said that the concept of prognosis is highly individual. Hence, for an individual prognosis, a doctor is in the best position to judge and give advice.