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Miscarriage Types



Miscarriage Types
There are different miscarriage types that lead to unwanted termination of pregnancy. Read all about the different types of miscarriages by going through the woman's health article written below.One of the greatest pain a mother suffers from is to lose her baby due to a miscarriage. The term miscarriage or spontaneous abortion (SAB) is used when a pregnancy ends on it's own within the first 20 weeks of gestation. Many times, women are averse to the medical term spontaneous 'abortion'. Therefore, in layman terms, this Buzzle article will use the word miscarriage for loss of pregnancy or 'spontaneous abortion'. Miscarriage can occur in many forms and due to varied reasons. One even develops different physical signs of a miscarriage and it is very important to know what happens when a pregnancy suddenly ends. The following paragraphs will discuss the miscarriage types and help one understand the signs that indicate need for immediate medical attention.

Quick Facts about Miscarriages
Miscarriage is loss of pregnancy before the unborn fetus is able to survive outside the mother's womb.
Studies show 1 in 4 pregnancies are terminated due to a miscarriage.
There are about 70 to 80% pregnancies out of 100 that undergo a miscarriage in the first 12 weeks of pregnancies.
Majority of pregnancies end in a miscarriage without any known or obvious cause.
Common symptoms of miscarriage include sudden vaginal bleeding and/or cramps experienced during menstruation. In many cases, women never experience any symptoms at all.
Different Types of Miscarriage

A pregnant woman can undergo different miscarriage types that are categorized by different names. The term 'miscarriage' is used as an umbrella term to explain different types of loss of pregnancies. These different types of spontaneous loss of pregnancies are discussed below:

Threatened Miscarriage
The miscarriage type that sends shivers down an expecting mother's spine is threatened miscarriage. In this condition, a woman may suffer from vaginal bleeding along with some light spotting. It is said, 1 in 4 pregnant women suffer from this type of bleeding during their first trimester. In this type of miscarriage, the cervix remains tightly closed. The mother and the fetus need to be closely monitored and in majority of the cases, the pregnancy continues without any major issues. An ultrasound is an important diagnostic tool to monitor a threatened miscarriage.

Missed Miscarriage
Many pregnant women experience a miscarriage without any symptoms. They are unaware of the fact that they have just undergone an abortion and suffered from embryonic death. This type of loss of pregnancy is called as a missed miscarriage. The embryo is not expelled from the womb for unknown reasons and thus the mother does not experience any symptoms. Fetal death is only determined when the doctor checks for fetal heart tones during an ultrasound examination.

Incomplete or Inevitable Miscarriage
An incomplete miscarriage occurs when the body starts the process of spontaneous abortion, but fails to expel all the tissues of failed pregnancy from the womb. The cervix dilates indicating it is a sure sign of expelling the fetus from the uterus. The mother experiences abdominal or back pain along with bleeding and cramps. This miscarriage is inevitable as there is no way from stopping the loss of pregnancy from occurring.

Complete Miscarriage
When all the products of conception, that is, the embryo have been expelled from the womb, it is termed as a complete miscarriage. The bleeding will stop quickly and one can confirm complete miscarriage with the help of an ultrasound.

Recurrent Miscarriage
There are about 1% couples who suffer from recurrent miscarriages. This miscarriage occurs when there is loss of 3 or more consecutive first trimester miscarriages.

Blighted Ovum
When a fertilized egg is implanted in the uterine wall, it will undergo fetal development. However, in case of a blighted ovum, also called as anembryonic pregnancy, this never occurs. One may see presence of a gestational sac with or without the presence of a yolk sac. However, there is total absence of any kind of fetal growth.

Ectopic Pregnancy
When a fertilized egg implants itself inside the fallopian tube instead of the uterus, it is termed as an ectopic or tubal pregnancy. These pregnancies require immediate termination as the developing egg will lead to rupture of the fallopian tube. If left untreated, it could lead to serious complications including maternal death.

Molar Pregnancy
During fertilization, an error in the genetic coding can lead to growth of an abnormal tissue. These pregnancies rarely involve the embryo, but cause in development of cells that make up the placenta. However, there is no fetus just presence of an incomplete mole. It is actually a form of tumor that will not survive. This is a very rare kind of pregnancy, thus, not seen in majority of the cases.

These are some of the miscarriage types that may occur during a pregnancy. In many cases, miscarriages occur due to an chromosomal abnormality. Thus, there is not much one can do to prevent them. However, when one conceives they should take some steps to prevent an miscarriage. These steps include reducing stress, maintaining a healthy weight, taking folic acid supplements and going for regular check ups. An ultrasound is the best diagnostic tool to monitor the health and growth of the developing fetus. For further questions, consult your Ob-Gyn for more details.